## Robust adaptive Metropolis algorithm [arXiv:10114381]   Matti Vihola has posted a new paper on arXiv about adaptive (random walk) Metropolis-Hastings algorithms. The update in the (lower diagonal) scale matrix is $S_nS_n^\text{T}=S_{n-1}\left(\mathbf{I}_d-\eta_n[\alpha_n-\alpha^\star]\dfrac{U_nU_n^\text{T}}{||U_n||^2}\right)S^\text{T}_{n-1}$

where

• $\alpha_n$ is the current acceptance probability and $\alpha^\star$ the target acceptance rate;
• $U_n$ is the current random noise for the proposal, $Y_n=X_{n-1}+S_{n-1}U_n$;
• $\eta_n$ is a step size sequence decaying to zero.

The spirit of the adaptation is therefore a Robbins-Monro type adaptation of the covariance matrix in the random walk, with a target acceptance rate. It follows the lines Christophe Andrieu and I had drafted in our [most famous!] unpublished paper, Controlled MCMC for optimal sampling. The current paper shows that the fixed point for $S_n$ is proportional to the scale of the target if the latter is elliptically symmetric (but does not establish a sufficient condition for convergence). It concludes with a Law of Large Numbers for the empirical average of the $f(X_n)$ under rather strong assumptions (on f, the target, and the matrices $S_n$). The simulations run on formalised examples show a clear improvement over the existing adaptive algorithms (see above) and the method is implemented within Matti Vihola’s Grapham software. I presume Matti will present this latest work during his invited talk at Adap’skiii.

Ps-Took me at least 15 minutes to spot the error in the above LaTeX formula, ending up with S^\text{T}_{n−1}: Copy-pasting from the pdf file had produced an unconventional minus sign in n−1 that was impossible to spot!

### One Response to “Robust adaptive Metropolis algorithm [arXiv:10114381]”

1. Recent arXiv postings « Xi'an's Og Says:

[…] arXiv:0903.4061 On the stability and ergodicity of adaptive scaling Metropolis algorithms, by Matti Vihola […]

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