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Le Monde puzzle [#1111]

September 18, 2019

Another low-key arithmetic problem as Le Monde current mathematical puzzle: Notice that there are 10 numbers less than, and prime with 11, 100 less than and prime with 101, 1000 less than, and prime with 1111? What is the smallest integer N such that the cardinal of the set of M<N prime with N is […]

Le Monde puzzle [#1110]

September 16, 2019

A low-key sorting problem as Le Monde current mathematical puzzle: If the numbers from 1 to 67 are randomly permuted and if the sorting algorithm consists in picking a number i with a position higher than its rank i and moving it at the correct i-th position, what is the maximal number of steps to […]

Le Monde puzzle [#1109]

September 4, 2019

A digital problem as Le Monde current mathematical puzzle: Noble numbers are such that they only involve different digits and are multiple of all their digits. What is the largest noble number? Hmmmm…. Brute force? Since the maximal number of digits is 10, one may as well try: k=soz=9 for (t in 1:1e3){ sol=1 while […]

Le Monde puzzle [#1107]

July 8, 2019

A light birthday problem as Le Monde mathematical puzzle: Each member of a group of 35 persons writes down the number of those who share the same birth-month and the number of those who share the same birth-date [with them]. It happens that these 70 numbers include all integers from 0 to 10. Show that […]

Le Monde puzzle [#1105]

July 8, 2019

Another token game as Le Monde mathematical puzzle: Archibald and Beatrix play with a pile of n>100 tokens, sequentially picking m tokens from the pile with m being a prime number [including m=1] or a multiple of 6, the winner taking the last tokens. If Beatrix knows n and proposes to Archibald to start, what […]