Archive for conjecture

complex Cauchys

Posted in Books, pictures, Statistics, Travel, University life with tags , , , , , , , , , , , on February 8, 2018 by xi'an

During a visit of Don Fraser and Nancy Reid to Paris-Dauphine where Nancy gave a nice introduction to confidence distributions, Don pointed out to me a 1992 paper by Peter McCullagh on the Cauchy distribution. Following my recent foray into the estimation of the Cauchy location parameter. Among several most interesting aspects of the Cauchy, Peter re-expressed the density of a Cauchy C(θ¹,θ²) as

f(x;θ¹,θ²) = |θ²| / |x-θ|²

when θ=θ¹+ιθ² [a complex number on the half-plane]. Denoting the Cauchy C(θ¹,θ²) as Cauchy C(θ), the property that the ratio aX+b/cX+d follows a Cauchy for all real numbers a,b,c,d,


[when X is C(θ)] follows rather readily. But then comes the remark that

“those properties follow immediately from the definition of the Cauchy as the ratio of two correlated normals with zero mean.”

which seems to relate to the conjecture solved by Natesh Pillai and Xiao-Li Meng a few years ago. But the fact that  a ratio of two correlated centred Normals is Cauchy is actually known at least from the1930’s, as shown by Feller (1930, Biometrika) and Geary (1930, JRSS B).

bounded normal mean

Posted in R, Statistics, University life with tags , , , , , , , , , on November 25, 2011 by xi'an

A few days ago, one of my students, Jacopo Primavera (from La Sapienza, Roma) presented his “reading the classic” paper, namely the terrific bounded normal mean paper by my friends George Casella and Bill Strawderman (1981, Annals of Statistics). Even though I knew this paper quite well, having read (and studied) it myself many times, starting in 1987 in Purdue with Mary Ellen Bock, it was a pleasure to spend another hour on it, as I came up with new perspectives and new questions. Above are my scribbled notes on the back of the [Epson] beamer documentation. One such interesting question is whether or not it is possible to devise a computer code that would [approximately] produce the support of the least favourable prior for a given bound m (in a reasonable time). Another open question is to find the limiting bounds for which a 2 point, a 3 point, &tc., support prior is the least favourable prior. This was established in Casella and Strawderman for bounds less than 1.08 and for bounds between 1.4 and 1.6, but I am not aware of other results in that direction… Here are the slides used by Jacopo: