Archive for Finland

MCMC importance samplers for intractable likelihoods

Posted in Books, pictures, Statistics with tags , , , , , , , , , , , on May 3, 2019 by xi'an

Jordan Franks just posted on arXiv his PhD dissertation at the University of Jyväskylä, where he discuses several of his works:

  1. M. Vihola, J. Helske, and J. Franks. Importance sampling type estimators based on approximate marginal MCMC. Preprint arXiv:1609.02541v5, 2016.
  2. J. Franks and M. Vihola. Importance sampling correction versus standard averages of reversible MCMCs in terms of the asymptotic variance. Preprint arXiv:1706.09873v4, 2017.
  3. J. Franks, A. Jasra, K. J. H. Law and M. Vihola.Unbiased inference for discretely observed hidden Markov model diffusions. Preprint arXiv:1807.10259v4, 2018.
  4. M. Vihola and J. Franks. On the use of ABC-MCMC with inflated tolerance and post-correction. Preprint arXiv:1902.00412, 2019

focusing on accelerated approximate MCMC (in the sense of pseudo-marginal MCMC) and delayed acceptance (as in our recently accepted paper). Comparing delayed acceptance with MCMC importance sampling to the advantage of the later. And discussing the choice of the tolerance sequence for ABC-MCMC. (Although I did not get from the thesis itself the target of the improvement discussed.)

ABC in Ed’burgh

Posted in Mountains, pictures, Running, Statistics, Travel, University life with tags , , , , , , , , , on June 28, 2018 by xi'an

A glorious day for this new edition of the “ABC in…” workshops, in the capital City of Edinburgh! I enjoyed very much this ABC day for demonstrating ABC is still alive and kicking!, i.e., enjoying plenty of new developments and reinterpretations. With more talks and posters on the way during the main ISBA 2018 meeting. (All nine talks are available on the webpage of the conference.)

After Michael Gutmann’s tutorial on ABC, Gael Martin (Monash) presented her recent work with David Frazier, Ole Maneesoonthorn, and Brendan McCabe on ABC  for prediction. Maybe unsurprisingly, Bayesian consistency for the given summary statistics is a sufficient condition for concentration of the ABC predictor, but ABC seems to do better for the prediction problem than for parameter estimation, not losing to exact Bayesian inference, possibly because in essence the summary statistics there need not be of a large dimension to being consistent. The following talk by Guillaume Kon Kam King was also about prediction, for the specific problem of gas offer, with a latent Wright-Fisher point process in the model. He used a population ABC solution to handle this model.

Alexander Buchholz (CREST) introduced an ABC approach with quasi-Monte Carlo steps that helps in reducing the variability and hence improves the approximation in ABC. He also looked at a Negative Geometric variant of regular ABC by running a random number of proposals until reaching a given number of acceptances, which while being more costly produces more stability.

Other talks by Trevelyan McKinley, Marko Järvenpää, Matt Moores (Warwick), and Chris Drovandi (QUT) illustrated the urge of substitute models as a first step, and not solely via Gaussian processes. With for instance the new notion of a loss function to evaluate this approximation. Chris made a case in favour of synthetic vs ABC approaches, due to degradation of the performances of nonparametric density estimation with the dimension. But I remain a doubting Thomas [Bayes] on that point as high dimensions in the data or the summary statistics are not necessarily the issue, as also processed in the paper on ABC-CDE discussed on a recent post. While synthetic likelihood requires estimating a mean function and a covariance function of the parameter of the dimension of the summary statistic. Even though estimated by simulation.

Another neat feature of the day was a special session on cosmostatistics with talks by Emille Ishida and Jessica Cisewski, from explaining how ABC was starting to make an impact on cosmo- and astro-statistics, to the special example of the stellar initial mass distribution in clusters.

Call is now open for the next “ABC in”! Note that, while these workshops have been often formally sponsored by ISBA and its BayesComp section, they are not managed by a society or a board of administrators, and hence are not much contrived by a specific format. It would just be nice to keep the low fees as part of the tradition.

StanCon in Helsinki [29-31 Aug 2018]

Posted in Books, pictures, R, Statistics, Travel, University life with tags , , , , , , , , on March 7, 2018 by xi'an

As emailed to me by Aki Vehtari, the next StanCon will take place this summer in the wonderful city of Helsinki, at the end of August. On Aalto University Töölö Campus precisely. The list of speakers and tutorial teachers is available on the webpage. (The only “negative point” is that the conference does not include a Tuesday, the night of the transcendence 2 miles race!) Somewhat concluding this never-ending summer of Bayesian conferences!

ABC gas

Posted in pictures, Running, Travel with tags , , , , , , , on August 9, 2017 by xi'an

Helsingin satama ja katedraali [jatp]

Posted in pictures, Running, Travel, University life with tags , , , , , , , , on July 27, 2017 by xi'an