Archive for International Year of Statistics

introduction à la Statistique, by Cédric Villani

Posted in Books, Kids, Statistics, University life with tags , , , , , , on January 26, 2014 by xi'an

crossing Rue Soufflot on my way to IHP from Vieux Campeur, March 28, 2013On Tuesday, there was a series of talks (in French) celebrating Statistics, with an introduction by Cédric Villani. (The talks are reproduced on the French Statistical Society (SFDS) webpage.) Rather unpredictably (!), Villani starts from an early 20th Century physics experiment leading to the estimation of the Avogadro constant from a series of integers. (Repeating an earlier confusion of his, he substitutes the probability of observing a rare event under the null with the probability of the alternative on the Higgs boson to be true!) A special mention to/of Francis Galton’s “supreme law of unreason”. And of surveys, pointing out the wide variability of a result for standard survey populations. But missing the averaging and more statistical effect of accumulating surveys, a principle at the core of Nate Silver‘s predictions. A few words again about the Séralini et al. experiments on Monsanto genetically modified maize NK603, attacked for their lack of statistical foundations. And then, hear hear!, much more than a mere mention of phylogenetic inference, with explanations about inverse inference, Markov Chain Monte Carlo algorithms on trees, convergence of Metropolis algorithms by Persi Diaconis, and Bayesian computations! Of course, this could be seen more as numerical probability than as truly statistics, but it is still pleasant to hear.

The last part of the talk more predictably links Villani’s own field of optimal transportation (which I would translate as a copula problem…) and statistics, mostly understood as empirical distributions. I find it somewhat funny that Sanov’s theorem is deemed therein to be a (or even the) Statistics theorem! I wonder how many statisticians could state this theorem… The same remark applies for the Donsker-Varadhan theory of large deviations. Still, the very final inequality linking the three types of information concepts is just… beautiful! You may spot in the last minute a micro confusion in repeating twice the definition for Fisher’s information rather than deducing that the information associated with a location family is constant. (And a no-so-necessary mention of the Cramer-Rao bound on unbiased estimators. Which could have been quoted as the Fréchet-Darmois-Cramer-Rao bound in such historical grounds ) A pleasant moment, all in all! (There are five other talks on that page, including one by Emmanuel Candés.)

travellin’ week ahead

Posted in Books, Statistics, Travel, University life with tags , , , , , , , , on November 24, 2013 by xi'an

London by Delta, Dec. 14, 2011Next week is my week at the University of Warwick, where I will give a seminar at the CRiSM seminar on Thursday. Along with my friend Olli Ratmann. Except that I also got invited at the Luxembourg annual statistics conference the same week, meaning I will travel to Luxembourg on Wednesday to give my talk. (First time ever.) And the easiest way from Coventry is to fly thru Paris. In preparation for this travelling schedule bordering the insane, I printed a whole heap of arXiv publications… Keep posted!

my statistician friend

Posted in Books, Kids, Running, Statistics, University life with tags , , , on April 7, 2013 by xi'an

A video made in Padova:(and shown during a break at the workshop), watch out for Bayes’ theorem!