Archive for numbers

more games of life

Posted in Books, Kids, R with tags , , , , on May 5, 2020 by xi'an

Another puzzle in memoriam of John Conway in The Guardian:

Find the ten digit number, abcdefghij. Each of the digits is different, and

  • a is divisible by 1
  • ab is divisible by 2
  • abc is divisible by 3
  • abcd is divisible by 4
  • abcde is divisible by 5
  • abcdef is divisible by 6
  • abcdefg is divisible by 7
  • abcdefgh is divisible by 8
  • abcdefghi is divisible by 9
  • abcdefghij is divisible by 10

Which brute force R coding by checking over random permutations of (1,2,…,9) [since j=0] solves within seconds:

while(0<1)
  if (prod(!(x<-sum(10^{0:8}*sample(1:9)))%/%10^{7:0}%%2:9))break()

into x=3816547290. And slightly less brute force R coding even faster:

while(0<1){
e=sample(c(2,6,8))#even
o=sample(c(1,3,7,9))#odd
if((!(o[1]+e[1]+o[2])%%3)&
(!(10*o[2]+e[2])%%4)&
(!(o[1]+e[1]+o[2]+e[2]+5+4)%%3)&
(!sum(10^{6:0}*c(o[1],e[1],o[2],e[2],5,4,o[3]))%%7)&
(!(10*o[3]+e[3])%%8)&
(!(sum(o)+sum(e))%%9)){
print(sum(10^{9:0}*c(o[1],e[1],o[2],e[2],4,5,o[3],e[3],o[4],0)));break()}}

Le Monde puzzle [#913]

Posted in Books, Kids, Statistics, University life with tags , , , , , , , on June 12, 2015 by xi'an

An arithmetics Le Monde mathematical puzzle:

Find all bi-twin integers, namely positive integers such that adding 2 to any of their dividers returns a prime number.

An easy puzzle, once the R libraries on prime number decomposition can be found!, since it is straightforward to check for solutions. Unfortunately, I could not install the recent numbers package. So I used instead the schoolmath R package. Despite its possible bugs. But it seems to do the job for this problem:

lem=NULL
for (t in 1:1e4) 
  if (prod(is.prim(prime.factor(t)+2)==1)) 
    lem=c(lem,t)digin=function(n){

which returned all solutions, albeit in a lengthy fashion:

> lem
 [1] 1 3 5 9 11 15 17 25 27 29 33 41 45 51 55
 [16] 59 71 75 81 85 87 99 101 107 121 123 125 135 137 145
 [31] 149 153 165 177 179 187 191 197 205 213 225 227 239 243 255
 [46] 261 269 275 281 289 295 297 303 311 319 321 347 355 363 369
 [61] 375 405 411 419 425 431 435 447 451 459 461 493 495 505 521
 [76] 531 535 537 561 569 573 591 599 605 615 617 625 639 641 649
 [91] 659 675 681 685 697 717 725 729 745 765 781 783 807 809 821
[106] 825 827 841 843 857 867 881 885 891 895 909 933 935 955 957
[121] 963 985 1003 1019 1025 1031 ...
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