Archive for uniroot()

beta HPD

Posted in Books, R, Statistics, Uncategorized, University life with tags , , , , , , , on October 17, 2013 by xi'an

While writing an introductory chapter on Bayesian analysis (in French), I came by the issue of computing an HPD region when the posterior distribution is a Beta B(α,β) distribution… There is no analytic solution and hence I resorted to numerical resolution (provided here for α=117.5, β=115.5):

f=function(p){

  # find the symmetric
  g=function(x){return(x-p*((1-p)/(1-x))^(115.5/117.5))}
  return(uniroot(g,c(.504,.99))$root)}

ff=function(alpha){

  # find the coverage
  g=function(x){return(x-p*((1-p)/(1-x))^(115.5/117.5))}
  return(uniroot(g,c(.011,.49))$root)}

and got the following return:

> ff(.95)
[1] 0.4504879
> f(ff(.95))
[1] 0.5580267

which was enough for my simple book illustration… Since (.450,558) is then the HPD region at credible level 0.95.