noisy importance sampling

A recent short arXival by Fernando Llorente, Luca Martino, Jesse Read, and David Delgado–Gómez in which they analyse settings where (only) a noisy version of the target density is available. Not necessarily in an unbiased fashion although the paper is somewhat unclear as to which integral is targeted in (6), since the integrand is not the original target p(x). The following development is about finding the optimal importance function, which differs from the usual due to the random nature of the approximation, but it does not seem to reconnect with the true target p(x), except when the noisy realisation is unbiased… To me this is a major issue in simulation methodology in that getting away from the unbiasedness constraint opens (rather obviously) a much wider choice of techniques.

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