**I** received this email from Wiley with the great figure that JRSS Series B has now reached a 5.721 impact factor. Which makes it the first journal in Statistics from this perspective. Congrats to editors Gareth Roberts, Piotr Fryzlewicz and Ingrid Van Keilegom for this achievement! An amazing jump from the 2009 figure of 2.84…!

## Archive for JRSSB

## Series B reaches 5.721 impact factor!

Posted in Books, Statistics, University life with tags impact factor, John Wiley, JRSSB, Series B on September 15, 2014 by xi'an## this issue of Series B

Posted in Books, Statistics, Travel, University life with tags bag of little bootstraps, Bayesian bridge, Bayesian lasso, JRSSB, marginal likelihood, Markov chain Monte Carlo, normalising constant, Series B, simulation, untractable normalizing constant, Wasserman's paradox on September 5, 2014 by xi'an**T**he September issue of [JRSS] Series B I received a few days ago is of particular interest to me. (And not as an ex-co-editor since I was never involved in any of those papers!) To wit: a paper by Hani Doss and Aixin Tan on evaluating normalising constants based on MCMC output, a preliminary version I had seen at a previous JSM meeting, a paper by Nick Polson, James Scott and Jesse Windle on the Bayesian bridge, connected with Nick’s talk in Boston earlier this month, yet another paper by Ariel Kleiner, Ameet Talwalkar, Purnamrita Sarkar and Michael Jordan on the bag of little bootstraps, which presentation I heard Michael deliver a few times when he was in Paris. (Obviously, this does not imply any negative judgement on the other papers of this issue!)

For instance, Doss and Tan consider the multiple mixture estimator [my wording, the authors do not give the method a name, referring to Vardi (1985) but missing the connection with Owen and Zhou (2000)] of k ratios of normalising constants, namely

where the z’s are the normalising constants and with possible different numbers of iterations of each Markov chain. An interesting starting point (that Hans Künsch had mentioned to me a while ago but that I had since then forgotten) is that the problem was reformulated by Charlie Geyer (1994) as a quasi-likelihood estimation where the ratios of all z’s relative to one reference density are the unknowns. This is doubling interesting, actually, because it restates the constant estimation problem into a statistical light and thus somewhat relates to the infamous “paradox” raised by Larry Wasserman a while ago. The novelty in the paper is (a) to derive an optimal estimator of the ratios of normalising constants in the Markov case, essentially accounting for possibly different lengths of the Markov chains, and (b) to estimate the variance matrix of the ratio estimate by regeneration arguments. A favourite tool of mine, at least theoretically as practically useful minorising conditions are hard to come by, if at all available.

## Statistics and Computing special MCMSk’issue [call for papers]

Posted in Books, Mountains, R, Statistics, University life with tags Chamonix-Mont-Blanc, deadline, guest editors, JRSSB, MCMSki IV, Read paper, Series B, ski resorts, special issue, Statistics and Computing, The Economist, University of Warwick on February 7, 2014 by xi'an**F**ollowing the exciting and innovative talks, posters and discussions at MCMski IV, the editor of *Statistics and Computing*, Mark Girolami (who also happens to be the new president-elect of the BayesComp section of ISBA, which is taking over the management of future MCMski meetings), kindly proposed to publish a special issue of the journal open to all participants to the meeting. Not only to speakers, mind, but to all participants.

**S**o if you are interested in submitting a paper to this special issue of a computational statistics journal that is very close to our MCMski themes, I encourage you to do so. (Especially if you missed the COLT 2014 deadline!) The deadline for submissions is set on * March 15* (a wee bit tight but we would dearly like to publish the issue in 2014, namely the same year as the meeting.) Submissions are to be made through the Statistics and Computing portal, with a mention that they are intended for the special issue.

**A**n editorial committee chaired by Antonietta Mira and composed of Christophe Andrieu, Brad Carlin, Nicolas Chopin, Jukka Corander, Colin Fox, Nial Friel, Chris Holmes, Gareth Jones, Peter Müller, Antonietta Mira, Geoff Nicholls, Gareth Roberts, Håvård Rue, Robin Ryder, and myself, will examine the submissions and get back within a few weeks to the authors. In a spirit similar to the JRSS Read Paper procedure, submissions will first be examined collectively, before being sent to referees. We plan to publish the reviews as well, in order to include a global set of comments on the accepted papers. We intend to do it in The Economist style, i.e. as a set of edited anonymous comments. Usual instructions for Statistics and Computing apply, with the additional requirements that the paper should be around 10 pages and include at least one author who took part in MCMski IV.

## Series B news

Posted in Books, Statistics, University life with tags academic journals, Gareth Roberts, Ingrid van Keilegom, JRSSB, Louvain-la-Neuve, LSE, Piotr Fryzlewicz, Royal Statistical Society, Series B, UCL, University of Warwick on January 24, 2014 by xi'anThe Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series B, has a new cover, a new colour and a new co-editor. As can be seen from the above shots, the colour is now a greenish ochre, with a picture of pedestrians on a brick plaza as a background, not much related to statistical methodology as far as I can tell. More importantly, the new co-editor for the coming four years is Piotr Fryzlewicz, professor at the London School of Economics, who will share the burden with Ingrid van Keilegom professor from UCL (Louvain-la-Neuve) who is now starting her third year… My friend, colleague and successor as Series B editor Gareth Roberts is now retiring after four years of hard work towards making Series B one of the top journals in Statistics. Thanks Gareth and best wishes to Ingrid and Piotr!

## relevant statistics for Bayesian model choice (#4)

Posted in pictures, Statistics, Travel, University life with tags ABC, asymptotics, Bayesian model choice, convergence assessment, JRSSB, leaves, marginal likelihood, Montpellier, pergola, truck on August 23, 2013 by xi'an**I** have just posted on arXiv the fourth (and hopefully final) version of our paper, *Relevant statistics for Bayesian model choice*, written jointly with Jean-Michel Marin, Natesh Pillai, and Judith Rousseau over the past two years. As we received a very positive return from the editorial team at JRSS Series B, I flew to Montpellier today to write & resubmit a revised version of the paper. The changes are only stylistic, since we could not answer in depth a query about the apparently different speeds of convergence of the posterior probabilities under the Gaussian and Laplace distributions in Figures 3 & 4 (see paper). This was a most interesting question in that the marginal likelihoods do indeed seem to converge at different speeds. However, the only precise information we can derive from our result (Theorem 1) is when the Bayes factor is *not* consistent. Otherwise, we only have a lower bound on its speed of convergence (under the correct model). Getting precise speeds in this case sounds beyond our reach… *(Unless I am confused with time zones, this post should come alive just after the fourth version is announced on arXiv..)*

## potentially relevant

Posted in pictures, Statistics, Travel, University life with tags ABC, asymptotics, Bayes factors, Bayesian model choice, consistency, convergence, JRSSB, methodology, Ratmann, refereeing, Series B, sufficiency, summary statistics on March 14, 2012 by xi'an**T**his week, freshly back from Roma, I got the reviews on our paper “Relevant statistics for Bayesian model choice” from Series B. The comments are detailed and mostly to the point, expressing concern about the relevance of the paper for statistical methodology as the major issue. We are thus asked for a revision making a much better connection with ABC methodology.

**T**his is not an unexpected outcome, from my point of view, because the paper is indeed quite theoretical and the mathematical assumptions required to obtain the convergence theorems are rather overwhelming… Meaning that in practical cases they cannot truly be checked. However, I think we can eventually address those concerns for two distinct reasons: first, the paper comes as a third step in a series of papers where we first identified a sufficiency property, then realised that this property was actually quite a rare occurrence, and finally made a theoretical advance as to when is a summary statistic enough (i.e. “sufficient” in the standard sense of the term!) to conduct model choice, with a clear answer that the mean ranges of the summary statistic under each model could not intersect. Second, my own personal view is that those assumptions needed for convergence are not of the highest importance for statistical practice (even though they are needed in the paper!) and thus that, from a methodological point of view, only the conclusion should be taken into account. It is then rather straightforward to come up with (quick-and-dirty) simulation devices to check whether a summary statistic behaves differently under both models, taking advantage of the reference table already available (instead of having to run Monte Carlo experiments with ABC basis)…

**O**ne of the comments was that maybe Bayes factors were not appropriate for conducting model choice, thus making the whole derivation irrelevant. This is a possible perspective but it can be objected that Bayes factors and posterior probabilities are used in conjunction with ABC in dozens of genetic papers. Further arguments are provided in the various replies to both of Templeton’s radical criticisms. That more empirical and model-based assessments also are available is quite correct, as demonstrated in the multicriterion approach of Olli Ratmann and co-authors. This is simply another approach, not followed by most geneticists so far…

## MCMC with control variates

Posted in Books, Statistics, University life with tags Athens, control variate, Gibbs sampling, JRSSB, MCMC, Monte Carlo Statistical Methods, Poisson equation, Royal Statistical Society, Series B, simulation, variance reduction on February 17, 2012 by xi'an**I**n the latest issue of JRSS Series B (74(1), Jan, 2012), I just noticed that no paper is “from my time” as co-editor, i.e. that all of them have been submitted after I completed my term in Jan. 2010. Given the two year delay, this is not that surprising, but it also means I can make comments on some papers w/o reservation! A paper I had seen earlier *(as a reader, not as an editor nor as a referee!)* is Petros Dellaportas’ and Ioannis Kontoyiannis’ *Control variates for estimation based on reversible Markov chain Monte Carlo samplers*. The idea is one of post-processing MCMC output, by stabilising the empirical average via control variates. There are two difficulties, one in finding control variates, i.e. functions $\Psi(\cdot)$ with zero expectation under the target distribution, and another one in estimating the optimal coefficient in a consistent way. The paper solves the first difficulty by using the Poisson equation, namely that *G(x)-KG(x)* has zero expectation under the stationary distribution associated with the Markov kernel *K*. Therefore, if *KG* can be computed in closed form, this is a generic control variate taking advantage of the MCMC algorithm. Of course, the above *if* is a big *if*: it seems difficult to find closed form solutions when using a Metropolis-Hastings algorithm for instance and the paper only contains illustrations within the conjugate prior/Gibbs sampling framework. The second difficulty is also met by Dellaportas and Kontoyiannis, who show that the asymptotic variance of the resulting central limit can be equal to zero in some cases.